Last Updated: 27th December, 2020
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder or chronic condition, including impulsiveness, hyperactivity, attention difficulty characterized by a constantly evolving sequence of lack of attention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that mostly conflicts with function or development.
Inattention indicates that a person drift away from the task, lacks perseverance, has trouble maintaining focus, and is disoriented; and these complications are not caused by disobedience or lack of awareness.
Hyperactivity implies that a person tends to be continually moving around, even in situations where it is not sensible; or repetitious fusses, skits, or starts talking. It can be severe disillusionment in adults or wearing out others with frequent communication.
Impulsivity implies that an individual performs abrupt actions which emerge at the instant without ever even caring about them and that can have a significant potential for injury, or perhaps a propensity for beneficial results or the incapability to defer gratification. An impulsive personality could be socially disruptive and disturb others unnecessarily, or execute critical decisions without taking into consideration the long-term consequences.
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) frequently begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It may contribute to negative self-esteem, troubled relationships and difficulty at school or work. Symptoms include limited attention and hyperactivity. Treatments include medication and talk therapy and is frequently treated with medication, education or training, therapy or a combination of treatment.
Approximately 9.4% of children 2-17 years of age that are 6.1 million had ever been diagnosed with ADHD globally. Almost 2 million of the more than 6 million children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) were diagnosed as young children aged 2-5 years.
What Is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a typical neurobehavioral disorder of childhood. It is typically first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active.
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Causes And Risk Factors
Although the exact cause of ADHD is not entirely clear, still, the factors that may be involved in the development of this condition include:
- Premature birth
- Low birth weight
- Brain injuries
- Genetic inheritance
- Smoking, alcohol consumption, or drug use during pregnancy
- Environmental toxins like lead exposure in childhood
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Signs And Symptoms
It is conventional for children to have trouble focusing and behaving at one time or another. However, children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) do not just grow out of these behaviors. The symptoms continue, can become severe, and can cause difficulty at school, at home, or with friends. A child with this disorder might:
- Daydream a lot.
- Forget or lose things a lot.
- Squirm or fidget.
- Talk too much.
- Make careless mistakes or take unnecessary risks.
- Has a hard time resisted temptation?
- Has trouble taken turns?
- Has difficulty got along with others?
Managing ADHD Symptoms: Staying Focused
Being healthy is important for all children and can be extremely important for children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In addition to behavioral therapy and medication, sustaining an active lifestyle can make it easier for your child to alleviate the symptoms. Over here are some healthy behaviors that may help:
- Developing healthy eating habits such as eating plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains and choosing lean protein sources.
- Obtaining the recommended amount of sleep each night based on age.
- Participating in daily physical activity based on age.
- Limiting the amount of daily screen time from TVs, computers, phones, and other electronics.
Treatment Of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Although there is no cure for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), currently obtainable treatments may help reduce symptoms and improve functioning. It is commonly treated with medication, education or training, therapy or a combination of treatment.