Last Updated: 22nd May, 2021
Anorectal Diseases are a term that referring to problems with the anus and/or rectum. Hemorrhoids, anal warts, anal fissures, anorectal abscesses, and anal fistulas are the most prevalent conditions. The medical interpretation of anorectal surgery is procedure that involves both the anus and the rectum.
Throughout our country, anorectal disorders are relatively frequent among people of all ages. Diet, lifestyle, physique, or bacteria present in the waste present in the body can all contribute to anorectal diseases. These three are the most common:
Hemorrhoids or piles are inflamed and swollen veins present just inside the anus. They can cause bleeding, pain and extreme discomfort while passing stool. If you have piles, you will be advised to manage your diet and eat fiber-rich, healthy food and drink a lot of water to prevent the formation of a hard stool, which can be very painful to pass.
2. Anal Fissure
An anal fissure is another severe problem affecting the anus in which tears or cracks develop in the anus lining. Anal fissures are frequently confused with piles as they both can cause similar symptoms, but are indeed unusual conditions. Scarcely like to wait to an of a fiber-loaded diet to painful, hard stools. Both anal fissures and piles often worsen with passing hard stool.
3. Anal Fistula
An anal fistula is a narrow tunnel that develops between the end of the bowel and anus and is frequently caused by an infection near the anus that causes an accumulation of pus (or abscess) in the adjacent tissues. After the pus drains away, it can leave a narrow tunnel or fistula behind. Proctologists typically recommend an individual to follow a diet that includes raw fruits, vegetables, and nuts to decrease the symptoms of anal fistula and support healing.
Anorectal Diseases Treatment
In the majority of the cases, individuals suffering from piles, fissures, or fistula have to make compromises in their diet and stick to a specific diet to prevent flare-ups. Nonsurgical treatment and management of anorectal diseases (including piles, fissures, and fistula) may take a long time, and the individual is required to adhere to a specific diet that prevents the hard stool and straining while passing stool.
It can obviously become extremely strenuous and nerve-racking to quit your typical diet and eliminate your preferred foods for a couple of weeks. This can be a severe problem for individuals who often experience flare-ups or recurrence of the condition. If you are suffering from piles, fissures, or fistula, you should adhere to the diet prescribed by the doctor until the wound heals.
The following option is to manage medications that include over-the-counter painkillers, ointments, creams, and pads all of which can help soothe redness and swelling around the anus. It’s significant to remember that over-the-counter medications can help manage the symptoms of piles but do not remedy them.
Hence, consult your doctor to undergo the proper treatment to remedy the condition. In addition, some doctors may prescribe laxatives for piles caused by constipation. Laxatives relieve you to pass the stool more easily and reduce pressure on your lower colon.
But if dietary changes and medications fail to improve your condition, then surgery can in addition be an option. Some minimally invasive treatments for such anorectal problems can completely cure the problem with the least involvement of sutures, pain, and blood loss.
The use of laser energy will afflict minimal trauma to the adjacent tissue and thus will encourage faster healing and speedy recovery. Most individuals can resume their regular lifestyle and diet 2-3 days post the surgery. And above all, unlike any other treatments (surgical and nonsurgical) for piles, anal fissure or anal fistula, laser surgery has the highest success rate and minimal recurrence rate.
Developing an anal condition like piles, fistula, or fissure can be quite bothersome and inconvenient, specifically when you are incapable to eat as you would. Individuals might even be hesitant to discuss their anal problems with others, which may prevent them from receiving proper treatment. Nevertheless, since an old wise man once taught, with your doctor, there should be no shame or secrets.
You must thoroughly comprehend that a doctor is there to assist you and that he or she is aware that you may feel uncomfortable revealing your complications. However, you can only undergo the most appropriate therapy if you talk to a doctor about your worries, symptoms, and expectations. The more information you provide about your medical condition, the sooner the doctor will be able to assist you.